Freedom of Information together with Freedom of Expression are encompassed in the definition of the Right to information given by Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights:
Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers.
The right of access to information is also upheld by the OAU’s African Charter on Human and People’s Rights, wherein Article 9 of the Charter states that:
- Every individual shall have the right to receive information.
- Every individual shall have the right to express and disseminate his opinions within the law.